|Today the Greek energy market is undergoing fundamental reforms. New advanced energy technologies and perpetual environmental issues, requirements arising from European and international cooperation as well as various intergovernmental Agreements are factors shaping and harmonizing the institutional and legislative framework of the Greek energy market with current tendencies and perceptions.
At the centre of this process lies: the liberalization of the electricity and natural gas markets, increased competitiveness, the extension and enhancement of the domestic and cross-border electricity, natural gas and oil networks, the further separation of production and supply from transmission networks, consumer choice, increased share of energy from Renewable Energy Sources, reduced share of fossil-fuel generated electricity, improved energy efficiency, energy saving and the protection of the environment.
The priority and top objective is to safeguard and manage energy resources in a manner which secures the smooth, uninterrupted and reliable supply of the nation’s energy needs and access for all users to affordable, secure energy. The second objective is to secure energy stocks, through alliances and alternatives energy sources and routes in order to ensure the supply of the domestic market and protect consumers in the case of emergencies. The third objective is the viable and sustainable development of the energy sector from the stage of production to the end-use while protecting nature and safeguarding the environment.
The strategy to ensure supply needs and address energy issues in Greece is shaped by the regulatory and legal framework which focuses today on the following general axis:
- Access to a wide variety of energy sources
- Construction of oil and natural gas pipelines within international networks
- Increased use of domestic energy sources and stocks
- Reduced dependence on certain high risk energy sources
- Development of RES installations with the granting of incentives
- Use and diffusion of clean and efficient environment friendly technologies
- Liberalization of the market, increased competitiveness and putting an end to monopolies in the electricity and natural gas sectors.
- Establishment of a healthy investment climate for businesses in the energy sector
- Energy savings for industry, transport, buildings and homes
- Establishment of national targets for the increased penetration of energy generated from RES, the reduction of green house gas emissions and energy saving.
Renewable Energy Sources
Renewable Energy Sources (RES) means renewable non-fossil energy sources, that is wind, solar, geothermal wave, tidal, hydro-electric power, landfill gas, sewage treatment plant gas and biogases as defined by Directive 2001/77/EC
Electricity produced from Renewable Energy Sources (RES)
According to law 2773/1999 is electricity produced from plants using:
- Wind or Solar biomass or biogases.
- Geothermal on condition that the right to use geothermal capacity has been granted on the basis of legislation in force.
- Hydro resources with small hydro-electric plants up to 10 mw.
- Combination of the above
- Co-generation using a combination of wind or solar or biogases
||National Action Plan 20-20-20
The obligation to compile National Action Plan reports to the European Commission on progress in the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources with regard to the target to achieve a 20 % share of energy from renewable sources in the Community’s gross final consumption of energy in 2020 derives from Directive 2009/28 EC.
Reports include estimates on the development of the energy sector and the penetration of technologies from RES BY 2020. Estimates are required for the overall and sectoral shares of energy produced from RES (Electricity, heating and cooling, and transport) . The Reports also have to detail progress made in evaluating and improving administrative procedures to remove regulatory and non-regulatory barriers to the development of energy from renewable sources. The National Renewable Energy Action Plans, which are finalised following consultation with the European Commission form the basis of the Ministerial Decree regarding the penetration of RES in the national energy mix. Action Plans are updated every two years following evaluation on the implementation of their provisions and in order to take into account improvements in technologies, market developments and energy demand.
National Energy Data System
The objective of the National Energy Data System of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change is to develop a computer tool regarding developments of the national energy strategy as well as establishing a service providing information to the general public. The main sections include:
Independent RES Service
- nfo on the competent organizations, legislation and standards.
- A date base with statistics regarding production, processing and consumption of energy. The presentation of such statistics facilitates their use for the compilation of analysis and reports on the energy system.
- The Geographical Information System deals with charts of energy networks, sites of installations, fields as well as detailing the capacity of Renewable Energy Sources.
In view of the primary role of RES investments for the development of green growth and green entrepreneurship, an independent RES service has been established (Law 3851/2010). Its tasks are:
- Information to investors on the institutional, legislative, fiscal and financing framework which are necessary for the licensing procedures for investments in RES as well as for their participation in various investment programmes.
- Provision of one-stop shop service regarding the licensing procedures of RES projects. (this has not yet been established)
- Assistance regarding difficulties that may be encountered during the licensing procedure or any other procedure related to the development of a RES project.
The Independent RES service is also responsible for the development and coordination of the off-shore wind parks in accordance with Article 6 of Law 3851/2010
Law 3851/2010 «Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change”